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Ram Mandir-Babri Masjid issue: Read the entire timeline of the dispute
The Supreme Court’s proposal for an amicable agreement to the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute in Ayodhya has all over again rekindled the debate at the concern that has for decades been a non-secular and political flashpoint.
The Babri mosque dates lower back nearly 500 years when it changed into built in Ayodhya by Mir Baqi, a commander of the first Mughal emperor Babur, in 1528. Hence the mosque’s name, Babri Masjid.
Here is the timeline to the dispute:
1853: The first recorded incident of violence over the holy site takes location during the reign of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh. Nirmohis, a Hindu sect, claim that a Hindu temple was destroyed in the course of Babur’s times to construct the mosque.
1859: The British colonial administration erects a fence at the website to split the places of worship. While the Muslims are allowed to use the internal court docket, the Hindus are allowed the outer court docket.
1885: In January 1885, Mahant Raghubir Das files the first case, seeking permission to construct a cover at the Ramchabutra (a raised platform) outside the mosque. The plea is rejected via the Faizabad district court docket.
1949: Lord Ram’s idols appear within the mosque, allegedly located via Hindu agencies. Both aspects file suits; the government announces the region as disputed and locks the gates to the idea.
1950: Gopal Singh Visharad and Mahant Paramhans Ramchandra Das file fit on the Faizabad courtroom looking for permission to provide prayers to the idols in the janamsthan. While the inner courtyard stays locked, prayers are allowed.
1959: The Nirmohi Akhara files a third suit searching for possession of the website online and claiming to be the custodians of the Ram Janmabhoomi.
1961: The Sunni Central Board of Waqf files a case towards the setting of idols inside the mosque and claim that the mosque and surrounding land changed into a graveyard.
1984: Hindu corporations form a committee to spearhead the construction of the Ram temple on the Janmabhoomi website online. The temple movement gathers momentum. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader L K Advani takes over the leadership of the motion.
1986: A district court docket orders that the gates of the mosque be opened and Hindus be allowed to worship there, on a plea by way of Hari Shankar Dubey. As Muslims protest the pass to permit Hindus to hope in the mosque, a Babri Mosque Action Committee is fashioned.
1989: The Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) lays the muse of a Ram temple at the land subsequent to the Babri Masjid. Justice Deoki Nandan Agarwal, former VHP Vice-President, files a case soliciting for the mosque to be shifted some place else. Four suits which have been pending on the Faizabad courtroom are transferred to a unique bench of the High Court.
1990: Volunteers of the VHP partially harm the mosque. PM Chandrashekhar intervenes and tries to clear up the issue thru negotiations, however, those fails. In September, Advani holds a rath yatra to train human beings approximately the Ayodhya motion. He begins from Somnath in Gujarat and ends his yatra at Ayodhya.
1991: BJP becomes the number one competition birthday celebration. And powered through the rath yatra, comes into energy in Uttar Pradesh. The momentum for the temple movement will increase as karsevaks (volunteers) pour into Ayodhya.
1992: The disputed Babri Mosque is razed to the floor by using the karsevaks on December 6, with the aid of Shiv Sena, VHP and BJP. This leads to some of the deadliest riots across the country, leading to the deaths of greater than 2,000 human beings. The vital government, headed via P V Narasimha Rao, sets up a fee of inquiry underneath Justice M S Liberhan on December sixteen.
2001: Tensions rise up for the duration of the anniversary of the Babri Masjid demolition. The VHP reaffirms its dedication in the direction of building the Ram temple.
2002: In February 2002, in an assault on a train from Godhra in Gujarat, believed to be carrying karsevaks to Ayodhya, as a minimum of fifty-eight humans is killed. Riots erupt across the state and over 1,000 people are said to have been killed during the riots.
The High Court orders the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to excavate the web page to decide if it was in advance a temple. In April 2002, 3 HC judges start the listening to decide who the site belongs to.
2003: The ASI starts the survey to determine whether a temple existed on the site. It finds evidence of the presence of a temple beneath the mosque. Muslim companies dispute the findings. In September, a court docket guidelines that seven Hindu leaders must stand trial for inciting violence and the destruction of the mosque. Advani is the deputy prime minister and does not face any costs.
2004: The Congress comes returned into power on the Centre. UP court regulations that the preceding order exonerating Advani need to be reviewed.
2005: Suspected Islamic militants attack the disputed site. Security forces kill 5 alleged militants and a sixth unidentified character.
2009: In June, the Liberhan commission, which has been set up to analyze the activities following the demolition, submits the report. Uproar in the Parliament as the document blames politicians from BJP for their function inside the demolition.
2010: The Allahabad High Court declares its judgment on the 4 title suits regarding the dispute. In the landmark hearing, the HC policies that the disputed land be divided into 3 components — one 0.33 to Ram Lalla, represented by the Hindu Mahasabha; one 1/3 to the Islamic Waqf Board; and the last 0.33 to the Nirmohi Akhara. In December, the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha and the Sunni Waqf Board pass the Supreme Court, hard the HC ruling.
2011: In May, the Supreme Court stays the High Court order to cut up the land, mentioning that the reputation quo remains.